The Turkish Republic is a secular and democratic state of law, which was founded in 1923, under leadership of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. It is currently a member of the European Council and a full membership candidate to the European Union. The unit of currency is Turkish Lira. The right lanes of roads are used for driving vehicles and the maximum permitted travelling speed is 90 km in all express ways. Traffic policemen conduct speed checks at blind spots with radars. The official business hours in Turkey is between 08.00 a.m. and 17.00 p.m. and official weekend breaks are on Saturday and Sunday. Alanya is a remote district of Antalya province, hosting a population of around 308 thousand. Prices are set according to the free market conditions, however, all shops and retailers must use labels to indicate such. Shopping is also allowed in most places using international currencies, led by US Dollars and Euros. Exchange offices are available for  exchanging currencies. Several mobile phone operators offer international communication services and phones may use prepaid lines. There are a large number of rental agencies renting cars, jeeps and motorcycles.

History of Alanya

Alanya was located on the land of a little peninsula, on the north of whose there lied Toros Mt. and on the south there was Mediterranean Sea.  Some skeletal and fossil remains found in two villages prove the fact that Alanya’s history can be traced back to the Upper Paleolithic Era(BC 20.000 – 17.000), called “the dark ages” as well. There is no sufficient information about the area’s ancient times and Byzantium era. According to famous historian Heredot’s scripts, people migrated here after the Trojan War on about the year 1820 BC and the city hosted various tribes.
Later on the 7. century AD, the city was even more important than ever that castles had been built as a protection against Arabian raids. That’s why there are many castles and churches around Alanya, which date back to 6. and 7. centuries AD. The oldest known name of the city is Korakesium. Later on the Byzantium era, its name formed into Kalanoros. I. Alaaddin Keykubad (1200-1237), one of the Anatolian Seljuk sultans, took over the control of Castle of Alanya by defeating Kyr Vart, in 1221. The sultan married the daughter of Kyr Vart and then built a palace in the city, which he named after himself as Alaiye. The city was living its the most prosperous era under Alaaddin’s authority. Today, there are castles, dockyards and many other buildings that stand still as a heritage from that era.
After the fall of Anatolian Seljuk Sultanate in 1300, the city was ruled by a feudal community, Karamanoğulları. With the rise of Ottomans, who provided political association, Alanya was conquered in 1471 by a general serving to Fatih Sultan Mehmet. With the era of Ottoman Empire, Alanya was first regarded as a part of Cyprus in 1571 but later had been sanjak of the province of Konya in 1864. When it later had been a sanjak of Antalya in 1868, Alanya, finally had been a province of Antalya in 1871. Atatürk named the city as Alanya when he visited it in 1935.

Geography of Alanya

Alanya is located on 36°33′ northern latitude and 31.01° eastern meridian. It’s acreage measures 2.085 km². Alanya is located in Mediterranean region within the borders of a province called Antalya. On its east there is Alanya Bay that has the same name. There are Meditarrenean Sea on its south, Gazipaşa on its east, Manavgat on its west and Toros Mt. on its north. Toros Mt. lie like a chain on its north with plains and mountains height of whose range from 500-600 m. to 2500-3000. Along the coast there are plains not too high. Climbing down to the plains from mountains is done through plateaus. Plateau begin to fade away as you get closer to the west on which there is Alanya Peninsula. To climb up to mountains from plateaus, it is necessary to pass steep slopes.

Climate and Vegetation Cover

There is a typical Meditarrenean climate over Alanya. It is hot and arid in summer, rainy and humid in winter. As the town is surrounded by high mountains on the west, north and east, winds that come from these directions can not reach Alanya and this makes the town a perfect place to grow a variety of plants that are also grow all around the world.

Other than the fruit growing that is done by the townsfolk, there is a fruit production station. The town is capable of producing 500.000 saplings a year thanks to a 1000 decare land since 1938 . Fruits are distributed all around the country starting from Alanya. Though it is not too much, the station is able to grow a variety of fruits and vegetables producted as well worldwide. Some of these are Bananas, Japanese plum, pomegranate, kiwi, mango, walnut, pineapple, guava, avocado, jujube and decoration plants for gardens. Greenhouse cultivation is a common occupation in and around Alanya. Farmers in Alanya can grow and distribute such fruits and vegetables that they can not survive the harsh cold of winter. Banana is also an important source of income other than early grown fruits and vegetables. Alanya‘s bananas are very popular and delicious. Citrus fruits, orange, lemon and grapefruit are well known around the country.